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According to the 2016 Global Burden of Disease study, migraine is the second greatest cause of disability (measured in years lost to disability), and the leading cause of disability among individuals aged 15–49 years.1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Continue reading this Neurologybytes article to learn more about the psychiatric comorbidities that patients attending the migraine clinic may risk.

 

 

Major Depressive Disorder

According to the 2016 Global Burden of Disease study, migraine is the second greatest cause of disability (measured in years lost to disability), and the leading cause of disability among individuals aged 15–49 years.1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Continue reading this Neurologybytes article to learn more about the psychiatric comorbidities that patients attending the migraine clinic may risk.

 

 

References

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  2. GBD 2016 Headache Collaborators. Global, regional, and national burden of migraine and tension-type headache, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet Neurol 2018;17:954–976.

  3. Antonaci F, et al. Migraine and psychiatric comorbidity: a review of clinical findings. J Headache Pain 2011;12(2):115–125.

  4. Friedman LE, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of migraine and suicidal ideation. Clin J Pain 2017;33(7):659–665.

  5. Friedman LE, et al. Association between migraine and suicidal behaviors: a nationwide study in the USA. Headache 2018;58(3):371–380.

  6. Tolentino JC, & Schmidt SL. DSM-5 criteria and depression severity: implications for clinical practice. Front Psychiatry 2018;9:450.

  7. Merikangas KR, et al. Migraine and psychopathology. Results of the Zurich cohort study of young adults. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1990;47(9):849–853.

  8. Torpy JM, et al. Generalized anxiety disorder. JAMA 2011;305(5):522.

  9. McWilliams LE, et al. Depression and anxiety associated with three pain conditions: results from a nationally representative sample. Pain 2004;111(1):77–83.

  10. Breslau N, et al. Joint 1994 Wolff Award Presentation. Migraine and major depression: a longitudinal study. Headache 1994;34(7):387–393.

  11. Mongini F, et al. Accompanying symptoms and psychiatric comorbidity in migraine and tension-type headache patients. J Psychosom Res 2006;61(4):447–451.

  12. David D, et al. Why cognitive behavioural therapy is the current gold standard of psychotherapy. Front Psychiatry 2018;9:4.

  13. Martin PR, et al. Cognitive behavior therapy for comorbid migraine and/or tension-type headache and major depressive disorder: An exploratory randomized controlled trial. Behav Res Ther 2015;73:8–18.

  14. Smitherman TA, et al. Anxiety disorders and migraine intractability and progression. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2008;12(3):224–229.

  15. Hamelsky SW, & Lipton RB. Psychiatric comorbidity of migraine. Headache 2006;46(9):1327–1333.

  16. Breslau N, et al. Headache types and panic disorder: directionality and specificity. Neurology 2001;56(3):350–354.

  17. Wang SJ, et al. Migraine and suicidal ideation in adolescents aged 13 to 15 years. Neurology 2009;72(13):1146–1152.

  18. Breslau N, et al. Migraine, psychiatric disorders, and suicide attempts: an epidemiologic study of young adults. Psychiatry Res 1991;37(1):11–23.

  19. Lin YK, et al. Association of suicide risk with headache frequency among migraine patients with and without aura. Front Neurolog 2019;10:228.

  20. Pesa J, & Lage MJ. The medical costs of migraine and comorbid anxiety and depression. Headache 2004;44(6):562–570.

  21. The Headache and Migraine Policy Forum. Prevalence, health care spending and comorbidities associated with chronic migraine patients. 2017. Available at https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5886319ba5790a66cf05d235/t/589dea22ebbd1a9c4386ae9a/1486744100047/HMPF_Chronic_Migraine_Paper_Feb+2017.pdf (last accessed 18 June 2019).

  22. Vo P, et al. Patients’ perspective on the burden of migraine in Europe: a cross-sectional analysis of survey data in France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. J Headache Pain 2018;19(1):82.